CHAMPA BAWDI - THE PALACE OF UNDERGROUND CELLSDirection
Champa Bawdi that is situated on the royal premises, It was not only built for water management but also for protection against enemies. In case of an attack, the royal women would jump into the water, and go through the secret passages to the underground cells; from where they could exit the royal grounds.
When viewed from the top Champa Bawdi looks like any other water reservoir, but as we step down through the secret conduits, we are amazed to find a three-storied, naturally air-conditioned, underground building. The rooms in the underground cells are structured like a maze. These rooms are on the same level as the Munj Talab. It is connected with the Munj Talab through a corridor that leads to Mandap on the western corner. The walls of the underground cells are arched and have shelves on them. There is a staircase to reach the bottom floor.
Appropriate care for light and ventilation was taken when Champa Bawdi was made. For consistent light, Mica was used while building the walls that reflected the light. For wind, the structure was connected with Mandap in a way that there was a consistent supply of clean air. This kept the place cool even during summers. The wind flowed-in from the pond (Munj Talab) and flowed-out through the opening of the well.